seeking to recruit extremists from the west. cooperation between al qaeda and other terrorist groups has changed in the past year. suggesting that this threat may increase. sharing financial resources, training, and recruits, these groups have been able to withstand significant counterterrorism pressure from the u.s., coalition, and local government forces. as both of you have pointed out, threats from homeland, homegrown, violent extremists, also poses a significant concern to the united states. these individuals may be inspired by the global jihadist movement, or use the internet to connect with other extremists, even if they don't receive direct guidance or training from a terrorist group. often they have diverse backgrounds and life experiences, as well as differing motivations. based on cases from the past year, homegrown extremists are more sophisticated, harder to detect, and better able to connect with other extremists.